• [Archive]
• Journal of Pharmacopuncture
• pISSN : 2093-6966
• eISSN : 2234-6856
• DB Construction : 59 Issues, 667 Articles
Year
Issues
Articles
1 Title
Keywords Sweet Bee Venom; melittin; four week repeated dose toxicity; Beagle dog
Author(s) Park, Jae-Seuk; Lee, Kwang-Ho; Kwon, Ki-Rok
 Abstract Objectives: This study was performed to analyse four week repeated dose toxicity of Sweet Bee Venom(Sweet BV) extracted from the bee venom in Beagle dogs. Methods: All experiments were conducted under the regulations of Good Laboratory Practice (GLP) at Biotoxtech Company, a non-clinical study authorized institution. Male and female Beagle dogs of 5-6 months old were chosen for the pilot study of four week repeated dose toxicity of Sweet BV which was administered at the level of 0.56mg/kg body weight which is eighty times higher than the clinical application dosage as the high dosage, followed by 0.28 and 0.14mg/kg as midium and low dosage, respectively. Equal amount of excipient(normal saline) to the Sweet BV experiment groups was administered as the control group every day for four weeks. Results: 1. No mortality was witnessed in all of the experiment groups. 2. All experiment groups were appealed pain sense in the treating time compared to the control group, and hyperemia and movement disorder were observed around the area of administration in all experiment groups, and higher occurrence in the higher dosage treatment. 3. For weight measurement, Neither male nor female groups showed significant changes. 4. In the urine analysis, CBC and biochemistry didn't show any significant changes in the experiment groups compared with control group. 5. For weight measurement of organs, experiment groups didn't show any significant changes compared with control group. 6. To verify abnormalities of organs and tissues, thigh muscle which treated with Sweet BV, cerebrum, liver, lung, kidney, and spinal cords were removed and conducted histologocal observation with H-E staining. In the histologocal observation of thigh muscle, cell infiltration, inflammatory, degeneration, necrosis of muscle fiber, and fibrosis were found in both thigh tissue. And the changes were depend on the dose of Sweet BV. But another organs were not detected in any abnormalities. 7. The proper high dosage of Sweet BV for the thirteen week repeated test in Beagle dogs may be 0.28mg/kg in one time. Conclusion: Above findings suggest that Sweet BV is relatively safe treatment medium. Further studies on the subject should be conducted to yield more concrete evidences.
2 Title
Keywords Melittin; Sweet Bee Venom; single dose toxicity; Beagle dog
Author(s) Yoon, Hye-Chul; Lee, Kwang-Ho; Kwon, Ki-Rok
 Abstract Objectives : This study was performed to analyse single dose toxicity of Sweet Bee Venom(Sweet BV) extracted from the bee venom in Beagle dogs. Methods : All experiments were conducted under the regulations of Good Laboratory Practice (GLP) at Biotoxtech Company, a non-clinical study authorized institution. Male and female Beagle dogs of 5-6 months old were chosen for the pilot study of single dose toxicity of Sweet BV which was administered at the level of 9.0 mg/kg body weight which is 1300 times higher than the clinical application dosage as the high dosage, followed by 3.0 and 1.0 mg/kg as midium and low dosage, respectively. Equal amount of excipient(normal saline) to the Sweet BV experiment groups was administered as the control group. Results : 1. No mortality was witnessed in all of the experiment groups. 2. Hyperemia and movement disorder were observed around the area of administration in all the experiment groups, and higher occurrence in the higher dosage treatment. 3. For weight measurement, Neither male nor female groups showed significant changes. 4. To verify abnormalities of organs and tissues, thigh muscle which treated with Sweet BV, brain, liver, lung, kidney, and spinal cords were removed and histologocal observation using H-E staining was conducted. In the histologocal observation of thigh muscle, cell infiltration, inflammation, degeneration, necrosis of muscle fiber, and fibrosis were found in both thigh tissue. And the changes depend on the dose of Sweet BV. But the other organs did not showed in any abnormality. 5. The maximum dose of Sweet BV in Beagle dogs were over 9 mg/kg in this study. Conclusions : The above findings of this study suggest that Sweet BV is a relatively safe treatment medium. Further studies on the toxicity of Sweet BV should be conducted to yield more concrete evidences.
3 Title
Keywords Auricular-plaster Vaccaria seeds; Blood pressure; Exercise
Author(s) Park, Ji-Soo; Yoon, Young-Sik; Kim, Dong-Jin; Ko, Hee-Jeong; Yum, Dae-Yul; Song, Yung-Sun
 Abstract Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate effect of Exercise on inhibition Blood pressure by Auricular-plaster Vaccaria seeds Methods : This study picked 40 peoples from 20 May 2009 to 30 June 2009 and experiment them. Attached Vaccaria seeds to auricular acupuncture of the experiment group. Did not attach them to the control group. Them to exercise using a Bike-Ergometer exercise. I measured their blood pressure before the exercise, 15 minutes after the exercise and 30 minutes after the exercise. I compared the difference between the systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure. The method to choose the subjects was Random allocation. Results : 1. Comparing the systolic blood pressure of the experiment group and the control group, the average systolic blood pressure of the experiment group, who did the Bike-Ergometer exercise putting on Auricular-plaster Vaccaria seeds, was 125.45 mmHg before the exercise, 121.20 mmHg 15 minutes after the exercise and 120.30 mmHg 30 minutes after the exercise. Terefore, the group's systolic blood pressure after the exercise was more controlled than the systolic blood pressure before the exercise. The control group's systolic blood pressure increased compared to the beginning. To measure the change before and after the exercise, I carried out paird-t test. The result was statistically significant. 2. Comparing the diastolic blood pressure of the experiment group and the control group, the average diastolic blood pressure of the experiment group, who did the Bike-Ergometer exercise putting on Auricular-plaster Vaccaria seeds, was 81.45 mmHg before the exercise, 79.65 mmHg 15 minutes after the exercise and 79.05 mmHg 30 minutes after the exercise. As a result of carrying out paird-t test to measure the change of the diastolic blood pressure, the change of the dilating blood pressure was statistically significant. However, the difference of the dilating blood pressure between 15 minutes after the exercise and 30 minutes after the exercise was not statistically significant. Comparing the systolic blood pressure and the diastolic blood pressure of the experiment group and the control group, the blood pressure of the experiment group, who did the Bike-Ergometer exercise putting on Auricular-plaster Vaccaria seeds, decreased compared to the beginning and the blood pressure of the control group, who did not put on Auricular-plaster Vaccaria seeds, increased compared to the beginning. Conclusions : The hypothesis was supported that the increase of the systolic and diastolic blood pressure of the experiment group, putting on Auricular-plaster Vaccaria seeds, was more controlled than that of the control group. In future, it can be medically used by verifying the various effects through repeated studies.
4 Title
Keywords Carpal tunnel sydrome; Sweet Bee Venom Pharmacopuncture; Scolopendrid Pharmacopuncture; Nerve Conduction Velocity
Author(s) Ku, Ji-Young; Lee, Kyoung-Hee; Cho, Sung-Woo; Lee, Sang-Chan; Youn, Hyoun-Min; Jang, Kyung-Jeon; Song, Choon-Ho; Ahn, Chang-Beohm; Kim, Cheol-Hong
 Abstract Objectives : The purpose of this study is to compare the effects of Sweet Bee Venom Pharmacopuncture and Scolopendrid Pharmacopuncture on Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. Methods : From February to September 2010, the number of patients with Carpal Tunnel Syndrome who volunteered for this clinical study was 16 and 7 out of 16 patients complained both hands. Total 23 cases of hands were randomly divided by 2 groups. We injected Sweet Bee Venom Pharmacopuncture on PC7(Daereung) twice a week for 4weeks for experimental group(n=11), and Scolopendrid Pharmacopuncture with the same methods for control group(n=12). One case was dropped out due to itchiness of allergic response in the experimental group. Improvement of the symptoms was evaluated by Visual Analogue Scale, Pain Rating Scale, Tinel's sign, Phalen's sign and Nerve Conduction Velocity. Nerve Conduction Velocity was checked at baseline and the end of the trial and others were checked at baseline, after 2 and 4 weeks. Results : Both groups showed significant improvement in Visual Analogue Scale, Pain Rating Scale, but no significant difference between two groups. Only the control group showed significant reduction of the 'poitive response' in the Tinel's sign and Phalen's sign. However, no groups improved in Nerve Conduction Velocity. Conclusions : These results showed that Sweet Bee Venom Pharmacopuncture and Scolopendrid Pharmacopuncture could decrease the symptoms of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. Further studies will be required to examine more cases for the long period and use more various concentration and amount pharmacopuncture for the effect on Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.
5 Title
Keywords Teeth-mark tongue; Qi-Deficiency; Dampness and Phlegm; HRV; APG; Body Composition; Syndrome; Differentiation
Author(s) Lee, Soo-Jung; Baek, Sang-In; Lee, Byung-Gwon; Lee, Ah-Ram; Kim, Koang-Lok; Yoon, Hyun-Min; Kim, Won-Il
 Abstract Objectives : The purpose of this study was to analyze the propensity and find out the Syndrome Differentiation of teeth-mark tongue by taking survey and body examinations with 178 male patients. 164 patients out of 178 were checked up on Heart Rate Variability (HRV), Accelerated Photoplethysmograpy (APG), Body Composition. This study was also planned to find out the distinctive characteristics of teeth-mark tongue diagnosis and compare differences between Qi-Deficiency and Accumulation of Dampness and Phlegm patients group. Methods : The questionnaire was carried out targeting 178 male with teeth-mark tongue respondents among who had Oriental Health Examination and patients from the 3rd oriental-internal medicine department in Dongeui Hospital from $\small{1^{st}}$, March 2005 to $\small{30^{th}}$, April 2010. Only 164 patients were checked on HRV, APG and Body composition examinations. Results : It showed that 86 patients had Qi-Deficiency and 78 had Dampness and Phlegm but 14 couldn't be categorized. The major symptoms of Qi-Deficiency compared to Dampness and Phlegm were 'Frequent running nose', 'Soft stool', 'Chronic fatigue', and 'Eyestrain'. On the contrary, Dampness and Phlegm's dominant symptoms were 'Chest discomfort', 'Feeling bloated', 'Back pain', 'Feeling sluggish', and 'Itchy skin'. However, all symptoms were not matched with the Syndrome Differentiation of Qi-Deficiency or Dampness and Phlegm. It also showed that teeth-mark tongue patients' frequent symptoms were 'Stuffy nose', 'Feeling bloated', 'Oliguria', 'Shoulder pain', 'Chronic fatigue' 'Eyestrain' and these symptoms were matched with the Syndrome Differentiation of Qi-Deficiency and Dampness and Phlegm. In the results from this study, there were no significant differences between Qi-Deficiency and Dampness and Phlegm. Conclusions : It is hard to conclude that teeth-mark tongue could be only one to diagnose Qi-Deficiency or Dampness and Phlegm with 3 examinations.
6 Title
Keywords CDH; Chronic daily headache; Carthami-semen; acupuncture
Author(s) Kim, Min-Kyung; Park, Seong-Uk; Jung, Woo-Sang; Moon, Sang-Kwan; Park, Jung-Mi; Ko, Chang-Nam; Cho, Ki-Ho; Kim, Young-Suk; Bae, Hyung-Sup
 Abstract Objectives : This pilot study is designed to reveal the effect of Carthami-semen acupuncture treatment on chronic daily headache. Methods : 1. All the voluntary subjects were diagnosed as CDH. 2. Carthami-semen acupuncture is applied 2 times a week for 4 weeks. 3. The patients were assessed by Headache impairment test score(HIT), Short Form 36 (SF-36) Health Survey, and Headache Free Days(HFD) before and after 4 weeks treatment, and two weeks the treatment finished. Results : The result were as follows ; 1. HIT score decreased from $\small{65.3{\pm}5.5}$ to $\small{53.1{\pm}9.4}$, and furthermore declined to $\small{49.5{\pm}8.0}$ after 2 weeks the treatment finished. 2. HFD increased from 19.1% to 31.5% during the treatment time. Moreover it showed continuous effectiveness after 2 weeks the treatment finished. 3. SF-36 showed significant improvement on all of the QOL items. Conclusions : This pilot study suggests that Carthami-semen acupuncture treatment has an effect on the CDH patients.
7 Title
Keywords Mountain Ginseng Pharmacopuncture(MGP); Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis(ALS); Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Functional Rating Scale(ALSFRS)
Author(s) Ryu, Young-Jin; Lee, Kwang-Ho; Kwon, Ki-Rok; Lee, Yeon-Hee; An, Jung-Cheol; Sun, Seung-Ho; Lee, Sun-Ju
 Abstract Objectives : The objective of this study is to report the change of progress in symptoms and various scales after treated with Mountain Ginseng Pharmacopuncture(MGP) on the patients of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis(ALS). Methods : The three ALS patients who treated with MGP, were checked the change of progress by ALS Functional Rating Scale(ALSFRS), ALS Severity Score(ALSSS), grasping power on both arms and circumference of both thighs and calves. Results : After MGP treatment on three ALS patients, first case did not grow worse during MGP treated whereas she got worse rapidly during none treated period. Second case did not grow worse during treated period and third case got worse in progress by slow degrees despite of MGP treatment. Conclusions : Although MGP could not control the progress of ALS completely, MGP may help the improving of quality of life(QOL) in ALS patients and have the effect of delayed ALS progression.
8 Title
Keywords Intra-articular bee venom pharmacopuncture injection; Acute Traumatic Partial tear of meniscus
Author(s) Lee, Jae-Hoon; Kim, Jun-Soo; Jeong, Young-Hoon; Jeong, Byul; Lee, Cha-Ro
 Abstract This case was report of intra-articular bee venom pharmacopuncture injection on the patient with Acute Traumatic Partial tear of meniscus. We used intra-articular bee venom pharmacopuncture injection to Acute Traumatic Partial tear of meniscus diagnosed by symptoms and MR imaging. Be under treatment if necessary we prescribed herbal medication and physiotherapy. The state of patient was measured by Visual Analog Scale(VAS) and Walking time and Western Ontario and McMaster Universities(WOMAC) Index score. After several times of treatments, noticeable reduction of pain was measured and increased time of walking on floor and decreased WOMAC score. This results suggest that intra-articular bee venom pharmacopuncture injection are effective to treatments of Acute Traumatic Partial tear of meniscus.
9 Title
Keywords Trigger finger; Hominis Placenta Pharmacopuncture
Author(s) Kim, Jeong-Won; Kim, Choo-Young; Choi, Seung-Peom; Han, Sang-Wook; Lee, Jae-Chul; Kim, Dong-Hoon
 Abstract Objectives : The Purpose of this study is to investigate and report the effectiveness of Hominis Placenta using Pharmacopuncture treatment for trigger finger. Methods : 3 Patients are admitted at Dept. of Oriental Rehabilitation, Bu-Chun Jaseng Oriental Medicine Hospital, diagnosed as Trigger finger and treated with Hominis Placenta Pharmacopuncture. Each cases are measured and assessed by Quinnell's classification of triggering and VAS (Visual Analogue Scale) scores. Results : 3 Patients of trigger finger have a different kind of cause and fingers lesion they have, but nodules are not significantly found up, so we could classify all of 3 patients to diffuse type. After treatment of Hominis placenta Pharmacopuncture, spontaneous pain and tenderness, grades of triggering are decreased significantly. We would expect that Hominis placenta Pharmacopuncture has a effect on degenerative diseases of diffuse type's tendon sheath. Conclusions : Trigger finger is generally divided into two stages, inflammatory and degenerative stage, and when degenerative stage, Hominis placenta pharmacopuncture appears to be effective.